During the events of Brightest Day , Scarecrow begins kidnapping and murdering college interns working for LexCorp as a way of getting back at Lex Luthor for stealing his ring. When Robin and Supergirl attempt to stop his plans, Scarecrow unleashes a new fear toxin that is powerful enough to affect a Kryptonian. The toxin forces Supergirl to see visions of a Black Lantern Reactron , but she is able to snap out of the illusion and help Robin defeat Scarecrow. His origin story is also altered; in this continuity, his father used him as a test subject in his fear-based experiments. As part of the experiments, Jonathan was locked inside a little dark room, while his father who was examining the test's effects from the outside suffered a heart attack and died, leaving Jonathan trapped in the test chamber for days until being freed by some employers of the University.
He became a psychologist, specializing in phobias. Eventually, Crane began using patients as test subjects for his fear toxin. His turn to criminality is also markedly different, as he was fired from his professorship for covering an arachnophobic student with spiders, and became a criminal after stabbing a patient to death. The Scarecrow had kidnapped Poison Ivy , and works with Bane to create and distribute to various Arkham inmates, a new form of Venom infused with the Scarecrow's fear toxin. With the help of Superman and The Flash , Batman defeats the villains.
The Dark Knight 10, penned by Gregg Hurwitz , for a six-issue arc. The Scarecrow kidnaps Commissioner Gordon and several children, and eventually releases his fear toxin into the atmosphere. Swamp Thing attempts to save Scarecrow from cutting a poisonous flower, not realizing who the villain is. Scarecrow attempts to use his fear toxin on Swamp Thing.
He is later approached by the Outsider of the Secret Society of Super Villains to join up with the group. Scarecrow accepts the offer. As part of " Villains Month ", Detective Comics vol.
scarecrow - Wiktionary
Freeze , Poison Ivy, and Riddler and informs them of a war at Blackgate Penitentiary is coming and learns where each of the alliances live. Through his conversations with each, Scarecrow learns that Bane may be the cause of the Blackgate uprising and will be their leader in the impending war. It was also stated that that Talons from the Court of Owls were stored at Blackgate on ice. Later, looking over the divided city, Scarecrow claims that once the war is over and the last obstacle has fallen, Gotham City would be his. Scarecrow goes to Penguin next, who has already planned for the impending war, by blowing up the bridges giving access to Gotham City.
Scarecrow then turns to his next plan, giving the other inmates a small dose of Bane's Venom to temporarily transform them. In Batman and Robin Eternal , flashbacks reveal that Scarecrow was the first villain faced by Dick Grayson as Robin in the New 52 universe, when his and Batman's investigations into Scarecrow's activities led Batman to Mother, a woman who believes that tragedy and trauma serve as 'positive' influences to help the victims become stronger.
To this end, Mother has Scarecrow develop a new style of fear toxin that would make the brain suffer the same experience as witnessing a massive trauma, but Scarecrow turns against Mother as the victims of this plan would become incapable of feeling anything. Recognizing that he will be killed once he has outlived his usefulness, Scarecrow attempts to turn himself over to Batman,  but Batman uses this opportunity to have Crane deliver a fake psychological profile of him to Mother, claiming that Batman is a scared child terrified of fear and losing others to make Mother think she understands him.
In the DC Rebirth rebooted universe, Scarecrow has a cameo appearance as one of the many trials that Batman's apprentice Duke Thomas has faced in his training. Both he and Haunter are paralyzed by the effects of the fear gas and arrested by Batman. In the Watchmen sequel Doomsday Clock , Scarecrow is among the villains that attend the underground meeting held by Riddler that talks about the Superman Theory.
Jonathan Crane is a brilliant psychologist who specializes in fear and phobias. With this knowledge, he knows how to use words to affect a person's actions. In the story arc As the Crow Flies , after been secretly mutated by Dr. Linda Friitawa, Scarecrow gains the ability to turn into a large monster with greatly enhanced strength, endurance, and a fear gas he naturally emits.
However, he has to be under physical strain or duress to transform. He is also an accomplished biochemist for his invention of fear gas that causes his victims to experience nightmarish hallucinations. He wears his Scarecrow mask to enhance the effect of the hallucinogen. The mask contains filters to protect him from his own gas. Prolonged exposure to his own gas has damaged Crane's brain despite measures that have been made to protect himself from it, rendering him nearly incapable of being afraid of anything, except Batman. This is problematic for him, as he is addicted to fear and compulsively seeks out confrontations with Batman to feed his addiction.
The Scarecrow at times wields a scythe which he uses in addition to his "violent dancing".
Scarecrow (DC Comics)
Scarecrow also uses a hand-held fear gas sprayer in the shape of a human skull, straws which he leaves as a calling card, special straws which can be snapped in half to release a fear poison as seen in Batman: Hush and stuffed scarecrows which scare his victims. During the Blackest Night mini-series, Scarecrow is temporarily deputized into the Sinestro Corps by a duplicate of Sinestro 's Power ring. As one of Batman 's most recognizable and popular opponents, the Scarecrow appears in numerous comics which are not considered part of the regular DC continuity, including:.
King of New York , in which he attempts to use the Kingpin 's crime empire to disperse his fear gas over Gotham City. He is defeated when Daredevil , the "Man Without Fear", proves immune to the gas. The Scarecrow is featured in part two of the four-part in JSA: This causes Sloane to return to the field as Mister Terrific and kill Scarecrow. Scarecrone also acts as a stand-in for Two-Face. She has the power to invade a person's psyche and make their deepest fears appear as illusions simply by touching them. The two personalities are actually extremely antagonistic towards each other.
It's revealed that when the formula brings out Scarecrone the right side of her face becomes heavily scarred. This scarring is healed once the formula wears off and the Jenna Clarke personality becomes dominant again. Oliver defeats Clayface by electrocuting him with a lamp, and the duo flee soon after Canary unleashes her Canary Cry. He is one of the few villains to escape the League's initial attack.
However, John Stewart 's ring frees the city from Scarecrow's control, subsequently freeing Scarecrow from Brainiac 's control. Scarecrow does not seem bothered by this realization, admitting he would have done it anyway. He causes a diversion by releasing his fear gas into his entire city, driving his citizens into a homicidal frenzy,  and manages to escape capture, but he is ambushed and nearly killed by the Joker in retaliations for not having been invited to the Legion of Doom.
Scarecrow's city is again saved by the Justice League. He is about to kill a former football player when vampire Batman appears, noting that Scarecrow is almost worse than him; he now has no choice but to kill, but Scarecrow has a choice and yet he chose to prey on innocents. Batman then grabs Scarecrow's vial of fear gas, crushing it along with the supervillain's hand, and cuts Scarecrow's head off with his own sickle , declaring that Scarecrow has no idea what fear really is. In the adaptation of Batman Beyond , the character never appears on screen, but it is mentioned that Crane ended up retiring from his life of crime, and spent the last ten years of his life writing out experiments.
As a child, Adalyn was traumatized when she witnessed Batman brutally beat up her father who was a notorious gang leader. She was placed in institutional care until she was assigned to one of Jonathon Crane's disciples who attempted to treat her with technology derived from Crane's work, which only amplified her fear of Batman. She grows up and becomes a co-anchor to Jack Ryder on the News She is eventually defeated by the combined efforts of the original and new Batman as well as Jack Ryder and is placed in Arkham Asylum afterwards when she views herself as nothing but the Scarecrow.
In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Scarecrow is one of the many villains subsequently killed by Batman. Earth One graphic novel, Dr.
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Jonathan Crane is mentioned as the head of the Crane Institute for the Criminally Insane, and one of its escapees is one Ray Salinger, also known as the "Birthday Boy", used by Mayor Cobblepot to his advantages. Arkham Unhinged , the Mad Hatter mentioned that he acquired and modified Scarecrow's fear gas to make Batman see his "Alices" as various Alice in Wonderland characters who, in turn, were drugged by Hatter and placed under his control.
The Scarecrow appears in Injustice: Gods Among Us ' s prequel comic. In Year One, the alternate universe's Joker poisons Scarecrow with his laughing toxin, which left him in a state of induced coma. Later, Scarecrow's body is found in S. Labs by the Flash , with his face twisted into a smile. Joker would use Scarecrow's fear toxin laced with kryptonite to make Superman see his wife Lois as Doomsday , causing the Man of Steel to accidentally murder her and seal Metropolis 's fate. Robin later arrives and fights the villains.
When they start to overwhelm Robin, Deadman arrives and possesses Bronze Tiger to knock out the villains before calling for help. After a battle with Wonder Woman , Scarecrow was injured as a result of Wonder Woman slicing his hand. Batman is captured, but Robin manages to escape. Later, Gordon tells Batman that the police scientists have managed to turn all of the inmates at Arkham back to normal and are currently in A.
The Scarecrow appears in Batman '66 which is based on the TV series. He also was bullied by his adoptive brother Zeke, who constantly scared Jonathan with a scarecrow. After heading off to college, Crane returns to exact his revenge in the citizens of Gotham City.
While robbing the bank of Gotham, Scarecrow is confronted by Batman and Robin and, through a weapon created by himself, infects them with his fear gas, making them see their greatest fears and allowing the Scarecrow a chance to escape.
After that, Batman and Robin follow a trail of clues which lead them to Jitters Holler, where they confront the villain and are able to defeat the Scarecrow after exposing him to his own fear gas. Scarecrow has a minor appearance in the series Batman: Later on in the story, the control hat is stolen by Neo-Joker the second Harley Quinn , who felt that Jack Napier was a pathetic abnormality while Joker was the true, beautiful personality , in an effort to get Napier into releasing the Joker persona. The Scarecrow appears in the Batman: Arkham video game series.
The version of the character as he first appeared sports a mechanical gauntlet strapped with four fluorescent hypodermic needles on his right hand, which he uses to inject fear toxin into his victims. In the series' first game, Scarecrow's character design is shirtless, wearing a pair of tattered pants and emphasizing his overall skinny body type. Set free by the Joker during his takeover of Arkham Island , he appears several times over the course of the story using his fear toxin to make Batman experience powerful and nightmarish hallucinations.
Presented with haunting images featuring his enemies as well as the deaths of his parents, Batman has to overcome each scenario by using a manifestation of his willpower, the Bat-Signal , to defeat Scarecrow in each hallucinatory instance. After his final defeat, Scarecrow eventually flees down to Killer Croc 's lair in the bowels of the Asylum to dump his most potent toxin into Gotham's water supply in an attempt to drive Gotham City into madness.
However, a hungry Croc suddenly attacks Scarecrow and attempts to eat him. Acting quickly, Batman activates his electric collar with a Batarang , and the monster disappears, dragging Scarecrow back into the water with him. In one of the three possible post-credits endings, Scarecrow's hand is seen emerging from the water and grabbing onto a floating box of the Titan formula, which was used to transform several of Joker's henchmen into large, mindless beasts. Scarecrow is not physically present in the eponymous prison during the events of the series' second game, which takes place approximately one year after Arkham Asylum.
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That prison, "Arkham City," consists of a few districts in the larger Gotham City that have been walled off from the other neighborhoods of Gotham. It is administrated by Hugo Strange , with the story revealing its creation to be a step toward a plot of larger global domination by Strange and his master.
While exploring Arkham City, the player can discover several artifacts and signals that point toward Scarecrow's continued activity in Gotham, and allusions to a future confrontation he is preparing for with Batman. Near the Industrial District, which has been claimed by the Joker, Batman can discover Scarecrow's discarded mask, which unlocks a story that gives ideas to Scarecrow's fate after his encounter with Killer Croc in the Asylum.
In the story, it's revealed that nobody has laid eyes on Jonathan Crane since the night Batman saw him at the Asylum. While some write him off as having surely been killed by Croc, Batman maintains no such belief: Also in Arkham City's Industrial District, Batman can locate a small boat in the harbor that doesn't register anything out of the ordinary on his Detective Mode vision.
When he lands on this boat and uses his Cryptographic Sequencer gadget to unlock a secret and hidden door, it opens to reveal several indications as to Scarecrow's activities. The most obvious sign is a nearly comatose test subject, one of the Joker's henchmen, tied to a chair and mostly unconscious. Looking further, you can see a flood of crawling cockroaches up the walls, as well as a document from Falcone Shipping indicating Crane's importation of live insects for undisclosed medical research.
When translated, the frequencies reveal three different phrases: In the prequel game taking place roughly five years before the events of Arkham Asylum during the second year of Batman's crimefighting career, Scarecrow makes no physical appearance either as his costumed persona or as Dr. Though not confirmed, it seems likely that by this point in the timeline he had yet to make his debut as Scarecrow.
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There are a couple of allusions to Crane, however: Jonathan Crane has signed in several times to visit Blackgate inmates. Additionally, a flyer soliciting test subjects for Dr. Crane's research on fear can be found on the Penguin's ship, the "Final Offer," docked at Amusement Mile.
Scarecrow's appearance has changed drastically following his encounter with Killer Croc, with Scarecrow now sporting a leg brace and having his gas mask now permanently grafted on his face. Scarecrow joins forces with a man known only as the " Arkham Knight ", a paramilitary commander who commands a militia that answers only to him and Scarecrow. In his latest campaign against Gotham, Scarecrow unites all of Gotham's criminals in an attempt to finally kill Batman. At the beginning of the game, Scarecrow threatens to release his new strain of fear toxin on the streets of Gotham, resulting in the evacuation of most of the city's civilian population.
The Arkham Knight's militia then conquers Gotham, preventing the authorities from interfering with Scarecrow's plan. Batman soon discovers that Scarecrow's new fear gas is being manufactured at the ACE Chemicals plant. Defeating the militia there, Batman confronts Scarecrow in the central mixing chamber, where the villain informs Batman that Barbara Gordon has been captured, before locking the hero inside the imploding facility.
Batman manages to reduce the blast radius and narrowly escape, after contending with a hallucination of the deceased Joker. Scarecrow later appears on an airship owned by magnate Simon Stagg , revealing that he had hired the businessman to create "the Cloudburst: When Stagg attempts to double-cross Scarecrow, the villain captures him and takes charge of the device. Scarecrow evades Batman once again, and the Cloudburst is extracted with the help of the Arkham Knight.
After Batman destroys the device and Poison Ivy sacrifices herself to dissipate the fear gas using a weaponized network of plants, Batman tracks down the Arkham Knight to his headquarters and defeats him for the final time, discovering his identity as Jason Todd , his second partner to serve as Robin whom he believed for the last several years to have been killed by the Joker in the bowels of Arkham Asylum. After the Arkham Knight disappears, his militia swear their allegiance to Scarecrow and their new appointed commander, Deathstroke. Batman locates and confronts Scarecrow again, but the villain holds Barbara at gunpoint, and forces Commissioner Gordon to shoot Batman in exchange for his daughter's life.
Scarecrow then betrays the Commissioner by pushing Barbara off the building. Though Gordon shot Batman, he did so in a reinforced area of his suit, which allowed him to save Barbara. In the mayhem, Scarecrow and his militia forces escape, now holding Commissioner Gordon hostage. After kidnapping an already incapacitated Robin , Scarecrow tells Batman to surrender at the abandoned Arkham Asylum, where he unmasks Batman as Bruce Wayne for the world to see, before injecting the crime-fighter with three full doses of fear toxin.
Batman eventually overcomes the chemical, and is soon after freed by the newly-reformed Jason Todd, who has adopted a new persona as the " Red Hood " before Scarecrow can kill him. Batman subsequently injects Scarecrow with his own toxin, and the villain is subdued and taken into police custody. The fundamental distinction of domesticated…. The biosphere is a global ecosystem composed of living organisms biota and the abiotic nonliving factors from which they derive energy….
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